Uncovering the Different Moles Species You Need to Know

As we stroll through our gardens or relax in the park, we may come across small mounds of earth appearing overnight, as if by magic. On closer inspection, we may find long tunnels beneath the ground, crisscrossing each other in intricate lines. What creature could be responsible for such mysterious and intricate patterns? It’s none other than the elusive mole. These tiny subterranean animals have captured our fascination for centuries, both for their impressive digging skills and their notorious reputation as pests. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the different types of moles, their behavior and habits, and how to identify and control them. So, let’s don our detective caps and dive deep into the fascinating world of moles.

The Basics of Moles

The Basics Of Moles
Moles are fascinating creatures that have captured the interest of humans for centuries. They are known for their remarkable digging abilities and distinctive physical characteristics that set them apart from other burrowing animals. Understanding the basics of moles is essential for identifying and controlling them effectively. In this section, we will delve into the world of moles by exploring their unique features, such as their strong forelimbs and claws, internal anatomy, and teeth function. We will also discuss how they regulate their body temperature underground, their hearing abilities, the significance of their unique fur, and the importance of their tails in their behavior. By the end of this section, you will have gained a deeper understanding of what makes moles so unique and fascinating creatures.

What are Moles?

Moles are small, subterranean mammals that are known for their unique adaptations to life underground. They vary in size, color and characteristics depending on the species. There are many different types such as the Eastern Mole, Star-Nosed Mole and Hairy-Tailed Mole. They all share some common features that allow them to thrive underground.

Physical Characteristics of Moles

Moles have small, slender bodies that are covered in velvety fur that helps them move through the soil easily. They have strong forelimbs with sharp claws that they use for digging and burrowing underground. The mole’s snout is elongated and pointed, which it uses to help locate and catch its prey. Moles have poor eyesight, which is not a problem since they spend most of their lives underground. They also possess small ears and tiny eyes. What they lack in sensory organs, they make up for with a highly developed sense of touch using their specialized hair called vibrissae, which help them navigate in the dark. Moles are able to regulate their body temperature underground, and their fur plays a vital role in this.

Moles Unique Fur Significance

The fur of moles is unique because it lies in any direction due to the orientation of the hair follicles, allowing moles to move forwards and backwards easily through soil tunnels without getting stuck. Moles’ fur also repels dirt, which keeps their skin clean and dry. Additionally, the fur provides insulation, which enables moles to maintain their body temperature while underground.

Moles Teeth Function

Moles have sharp pointed teeth with a dental formula of which is highly specialized for their feeding requirements. They feed mainly on small insects and worms. Their teeth help them to hold onto their prey as they chew them. The salivary glands in moles also produce a variety of enzymes that aid in digestion.

Moles Snout Behavior

The snout of moles is highly sensitive because it contains a large number of touch receptors which help them detect prey. Additionally, it helps them to sense changes in air pressure by sensing the airflow in their tunnels.

Moles are fascinating creatures that are adapted for life underground. Their highly specialized physical characteristics allow them to navigate, hunt and survive in this unique environment.

Why are Moles Considered Pests?

Moles are considered pests due to their destructive digging behavior in gardens, lawns, and golf courses. Their tunneling activities can ruin the aesthetic appeal of a perfectly manicured lawn or garden. Moles have adaptations such as their strong forelimbs and claws used for digging. These adaptations can make them incredibly efficient at digging and burrowing. Unfortunately, it also means they can tunnel through lawns and gardens, creating lumpy and uneven terrain. They can cause damage to the root systems of valuable plants and expose rocks and debris, leading to potential accidents or injuries.

Moreover, moles have a high metabolic rate, which requires them to eat up to 80-100% of their body weight in food each day. This feeding behavior can damage plants and lawns, as they tunnel through in search of food. Additionally, moles have very sharp teeth designed to cut through insects and earthworms, but their chewing behavior can damage the roots of the grass, trees and plants in your lawn or garden.

Another issue is that moles regulate their body temperature by constantly moving between surface tunnels and deeper underground tunnels. This movement can cause widespread damages, and their surface tunnels can cause tripping hazards. Furthermore, moles are exclusively underground and lead a solitary lifestyle, which renders them mostly sensory-deprived. They rely mainly on their sense of smell and touch to navigate their world, and they have poor eyesight and hearing abilities.

While their lack of hearing and vision makes them adept at digging and tunneling, it also increases the chances of them inadvertently damaging their environment. Lastly, moles have a unique fur structure which is essential in trapping dirt and making tunnels. However, their unique fur can make it hard to remove them from garden beds and lawns. Due to their feeding, digging, burrowing, and metabolic behaviors, moles can destroy the beauty and functionality of your outdoor space, causing costly damages to your landscape.

How Do Moles Affect Our Lawns and Gardens?

Moles are considered pests due to their destructive behavior as they dig tunnels throughout lawns and gardens, causing damage to the root systems of plants and flowers. The way moles affect our lawns and gardens can be devastating since it can lead to severe damage and the death of our lush greenery. It can also become a considerable expense to restore and repair the damage caused by burrowing underground. The damage done by these pests can weaken a plant’s root systems and leaves them susceptible to disease, ultimately causing plant death.

Moles possess strong forelimbs and claws that enable them to dig tunnels and create molehills, which are ugly mounds of soil on our beautiful lawns. These tunnels and holes created by molehills can also be tripping hazards, especially for children who enjoy running around outside.

In addition to disturbing our lawns and gardens’ aesthetically pleasing appearance, moles can also damage the underground infrastructure, such as cables, pipes, and drip irrigation systems.

Despite their destructive activities, however, moles are essential to our ecosystem. Their burrowing and tunneling activities help to aerate the soil, which promotes the healthy growth of plants. Moles regulate their body temperature by creating temperature-controlled underground environments. Their unique fur helps to insulate them from the cold and regulate body temperature.

Moles also play a crucial role in the food chains since they act as prey for carnivorous animals such as foxes, badgers, weasels, among others. Their snouts serve as an additional sense organ that helps them track their prey by detecting their vibrations and odors.

Although moles are pests that cause significant damage to our lawns and gardens, they serve an essential purpose in the ecosystem. It’s essential to find ways to manage their damaging effects while appreciating their significance in the environment.

Identifying Moles

Identifying Moles
When it comes to moles, there are several different types to be aware of. While they may all share certain characteristics, there are subtle differences that can help you identify which type is causing problems in your lawn or garden. Understanding these differences can be crucial in effectively controlling and preventing mole infestations. In this section, we’ll take a closer look at the various types of moles and explore their unique physical characteristics, from their strong forelimbs and claws to their unique fur significance. By the end, you’ll be better equipped to identify which type of mole you’re dealing with and how to address the issue.

The Eastern Mole

The Eastern mole, also known as the Common mole (Scalopus aquaticus), is one of the most widespread and abundant mole species in North America. These mammals are well adapted to living underground, with their cylindrical bodies, short legs, and broad front feet equipped with strong forelimbs and claws that can dig through soil at an impressive speed.

Physical Characteristics of the Eastern Mole: These moles are small, usually ranging from 5 to 7 inches in length, with velvety grayish-brown fur, tiny eyes, and ears that are hidden in their fur. They have a long snout, which they use primarily for sensing their environment and locating insects and other prey. Their bodies are covered in a special type of fur that lies flat and faces backwards, which helps them move easily through soil in both directions. This unique fur also plays a significant role in their survival, as it helps to prevent dirt from entering their noses and lungs.

Here is a comparison table of the physical characteristics of the Eastern Mole:

Physical Characteristic Description
Fur Type Velvety grayish-brown fur that lies flat and faces backwards
Body Shape Cylindrical
Size 5-7 inches in length
Snout Long and used primarily for sensing their environment and locating prey
Eyes and Ears Tiny eyes and ears that are hidden in their fur

Internal Anatomy of the Eastern Mole: The internal anatomy of moles is as fascinating as their physical characteristics. The Eastern Mole has a special set of muscles in its neck that provides the force necessary for its powerful digging. They also have a unique set of teeth that are designed for cutting, crushing and grinding their prey. Their internal organs, particularly the heart and lungs, are adapted to function efficiently in environments with low oxygen levels.

Behavior of the Eastern Mole: Eastern Moles are solitary animals that are active year-round, although they tend to be most active during the spring and fall. They use their keen sense of smell, touch and hearing to locate their prey, which consists primarily of earthworms and other soil-dwelling insects. They have also been known to eat small amphibians and reptiles. Moles are unique in that they spend most of their time underground, where they use their extensive tunnel systems for shelter, foraging and mating.

The Eastern Mole is a remarkable creature that is perfectly adapted to life underground. From its physical characteristics to its internal anatomy, the Eastern Mole is a true marvel of nature.

Star-Nosed Mole

The Star-Nosed Mole is a small, insectivorous mammal that is found in the wet lowland areas of eastern North America. This mole is named after its unique feature- a star-shaped snout that is ringed with pink fleshy appendages called tentacles. These tentacles are highly sensitive to touch, and they help the mole to detect prey even in complete darkness.

The Star-Nosed Mole measures between 15 and 20 centimeters in length and weighs only 50 grams. Its fur is thick and waterproof, which makes it well-adapted to aquatic environments. The mole’s powerful front limbs are used for digging tunnels and catching prey.

Despite being small in size, it is a highly skilled hunter that can consume its body weight in food in just a single day. The Star-Nosed Mole’s diet consists primarily of insects, but it also feeds on small fish, amphibians, and worms.

This mole species digs complex underground tunnels and constructs burrows in shallow wetland areas. Interestingly, their tunnels are not only used for hunting and shelter but also for regulating their body temperature – this is due to the fact that the temperature underground is stable and consistent.

The Star-Nosed Mole’s hearing abilities are exceptional and are a crucial part of its hunting strategy. However, its eyesight is very poor since it spends most of its time in complete darkness. Its sense of touch and smell play a vital role in its survival.

The Star-Nosed Mole is a fascinating creature with unique characteristics that have helped it thrive in its natural environment. Its tentacled snout, aquatic adaptions, exceptional hunting skills, and smart social behaviors make it an important part of the ecosystem. For more information about moles, you can read our articles about physical characteristics of moles, mole snout behavior, and importance of moles’ tail.

Hairy-Tailed Mole

The Hairy-tailed mole is a mole species found in eastern North America. They are also referred to as the “Furry-tailed mole,” and are identifiable by their long and silky fur that ranges from gray to almost black. What sets them apart from other mole species is their long and bushy tail that is covered with fur, hence their name.

Physical Characteristics:

  • Their body length ranges from 5 to 7 inches, with their tail making up almost a third of their total body length.
  • They have large, paddle-like front feet with sharp claws that allow them to dig through soil and create underground tunnels with ease.
  • Their eyes are tiny and concealed by fur, which means they primarily rely on their sense of touch and hearing to navigate through their environment.
  • Hairy-tailed moles have a unique dental formula that allows them to crush their food with ease. Their incisors are wide and flat, and their molars have a high crown that is covered in ridges to help them grind up insects and earthworms.

Behavior and Habits:

  • As with other mole species, hairy-tailed moles are solitary animals that only come together during mating season.
  • They are active year-round and will create extensive tunnel systems that can cover up to a whopping 2,000 square feet underground.
  • Hairy-tailed moles primarily feed on insects and earthworms, but they may also eat small amphibians and reptiles.
  • They are known to create special chambers within their tunnels where they store their food for later consumption.
  • These moles are more active during the day than at night, unlike some other mole species.

It’s fascinating to note that moles, including hairy-tailed moles, have a very high metabolic rate and a low tolerance for heat. As a result, moles regulate their body temperature by living underground, where the soil maintains a stable temperature. Their hearing abilities are also well-developed, and they can differentiate between different types of vibrations, which allows them to locate their prey accurately.

Understanding the habits and characteristics of different mole species can be helpful for effective mole control. For instance, trapping techniques that work on one mole species may not work on another. Internal anatomy and teeth function of moles also play a vital role in their behavior and control. For more detailed information on these aspects, you may refer to the relevant links on mole internal anatomy, teeth function, and regulating body temperature underground.

Mole Characteristics Comparison Table

When it comes to moles, each type has its own unique characteristics. In order to properly identify which type of mole is causing problems in your yard, it’s important to be familiar with each one’s physical traits. In this section, we’ll compare the physical characteristics of three common mole species: the Eastern mole, the star-nosed mole, and the hairy-tailed mole.

Physical Characteristics Eastern Mole Star-Nosed Mole Hairy-Tailed Mole
Fur Color Dark brown or grey Dark brown or black Dark brown with silver-tipped hairs
Nose Pointed Star-shaped, pink Pointed
Eyes and Ears Small and hidden behind fur Small and hidden behind fur Small and hidden behind fur
Paws Broad and flat with long claws Broad and flat with 22 tentacle-like appendages surrounding the nose Broad and flat with long claws
Size and Weight 6-7 inches long, 3-6 ounces 6-7 inches long, 1-1.5 ounces 4-5.5 inches long, 1.5-2.5 ounces
Mole Teeth Function Used for digging and foraging Used for digging and foraging, as well as sensing touch and texture in the nose’s appendages Used for digging and foraging
Mole Internal Anatomy Powerful shoulder and neck muscles for digging, enlarged liver to support high metabolism Large olfactory bulb, enlarged somatosensory cortex, and unique star-shaped nose appendages that contain mechanoreceptors and electroreceptors Powerful shoulder and neck muscles for digging, kidneys that can concentrate urine to conserve water
Moles Regulate Body Temperature Underground Close to surface for thermoregulation Can regulate body temperature using circulatory system and saliva, but mostly relies on nest construction to maintain stable temperature Close to surface for thermoregulation
Moles Hearing Abilities Poor hearing with no external ears Poor hearing with no external ears, but can detect vibrations in the water and soil through the tentacle-like appendages Poor hearing with no external ears

As you can see from the comparison table, each mole species has its own set of unique features that allow it to thrive in its specific habitat. Understanding these characteristics can help you identify which type of mole is causing problems in your lawn or garden and develop an effective pest control strategy.

For more information on mole characteristics, including their internal anatomy and teeth function, be sure to check out our related articles linked below.

Mole Behavior and Habits

Mole Behavior And Habits
As we continue to explore the world of moles, it’s important to delve into their behavior and habits. Understanding how moles behave and interact with their environment is crucial in effectively controlling them. In this section, we will take a closer look at the feeding habits of moles, their reproduction process, and how their habits change based on the season. Additionally, we will touch on some interesting facts about moles such as how they regulate their body temperature underground and their impressive hearing abilities. Don’t forget to check out our previous section where we compare the physical characteristics of different types of moles and learn about their internal anatomy and teeth function.

Mole Diet and Feeding Habits

Moles have a high metabolism and therefore require a lot of food. Their primary source of food consists of insects, such as earthworms, grubs, and beetle larvae. They may also feed on small rodents, reptiles, and amphibians. Moles use their sharp teeth mainly for biting and crushing hard exoskeletons of insects. Their saliva has a toxin that can paralyze and kill earthworms.

Moles have an insatiable appetite and can consume up to its body weight a day. They burrow rapidly and create extensive underground tunnels networks in search of food. Moles are solitary creatures and need to consume enough food to maintain their high metabolism and bodyweight.

Interestingly, moles have a fascinating adaptation to their underground lifestyle. They have a layer of fat around their bodies which helps them regulate their body temperature underground. This is essential because frequent exposure to soil can cause their body temperature to drop rapidly.

But how do moles locate their food? Moles have acute senses, such as hearing and smell. Although their eyesight is poor, they compensate by using their long, sensitive snouts, and whiskers to detect the vibrations of insects and prey nearby. They navigate through their tunnel network burrows by using their sense of touch, smell, and also hearing. Recent studies have shown that moles could have sophisticated hearing abilities that allow them to detect underground insect movements and predator approaches.

A mole’s diet and feeding habits mainly consist of insects and other living creatures. They have sharp teeth mainly for biting and crushing insects. Their saliva contains a toxin that can paralyze and kill earthworms. Moles have a high metabolism and require a lot of food to sustain their lifestyle. They have an adaptation to regulate their body temperatures because of their underground lifestyle. They rely on their heightened senses, a sharp nose, and hearing to locate their underground prey. If you want to learn more about moles and their physical characteristics, you can read our article on Physical Characteristics of Moles or check out our guide on Mole Internal Anatomy.

Mole Reproduction

Mole reproduction is a fascinating aspect of these small creatures’ lives. Moles reproduce sexually, with a gestation period lasting approximately six weeks. Females typically give birth to litters of three to five youngmoles, called “pups,” in the late spring or early summer.

After birth, the pups remain in the nest, usually built within tunnels or burrows, until they are old enough to venture out and begin foraging on their own. Mole pups are born blind and hairless, relying solely on their mother’s milk for sustenance in their first few weeks of life. As they grow, they develop fur and start to explore the tunnels, eventually leaving the nest and establishing their territories.

It’s important to note that mole populations can fluctuate drastically from year to year, based on a variety of factors such as food availability, weather patterns, and predation risk. In general, moles have a relatively short lifespan, with most individuals living no more than a few years.

Despite their small stature, moles play an important role in their ecosystem. They help to aerate the soil and control insects, and their burrowing activities can also help to regulate water flow and prevent soil erosion.

If you’re interested in learning more about moles, be sure to check out our other articles on mole teeth function, moles’ ability to regulate their body temperature underground, and their unique hearing abilities.

Mole Habits Based on Season

Moles are mammals that are active all year round. However, their behavior and habits can vary depending on the season. Let’s take a closer look at how moles’ habits change throughout the year:

Season Mole Habits
Spring During the spring, moles become more active as the ground thaws and worms and insects become more abundant. They may create new tunnels and repair old ones in search of food. This is also the time when mole reproduction begins.
Summer In the summer, moles may become less active during the day due to the heat. They might spend more time underground in cooler soil. However, they will still be active at night and early morning. Moles may also expand their tunnel systems to search for food.
Fall During the fall, moles will continue to search for food and expand their tunnel systems. They may also create deeper tunnels as the soil becomes cooler. This is also the time when juvenile moles may leave their mother’s tunnel system to search for their own territory.
Winter In the winter, moles will remain active underground. They may burrow deeper to avoid freezing temperatures and create nests to stay warm. Moles are also known to regulate their body temperature to conserve energy during the winter months.

It is interesting to note that moles have unique adaptations that allow them to survive underground in different seasons. For example, moles have teeth that are designed for digging through soil and finding food. You can learn more about the function of mole teeth here. Additionally, moles have special physiological abilities that allow them to regulate their body temperature underground. You can read about moles’ temperature regulation here. Finally, moles have acute hearing abilities that allow them to locate prey and avoid predators. You can learn more about moles’ hearing abilities here.

Moles Control: What Works and What Doesn’t

Moles Control: What Works And What Doesn’T
When it comes to controlling moles, there are plenty of options available. However, not all methods are created equal. Some may be effective, while others may fall short. It can be difficult to determine which approach is best for your situation, and trying out multiple methods can quickly become time-consuming and frustrating. In this section, we’ll take a closer look at the various mole control techniques available, breaking them down into what works and what doesn’t, so you can make an informed decision on how to get rid of these pesky critters.

Preventing Moles from Entering Your Property

One of the most effective ways to control moles is by preventing their entry into your property. This can be done in a number of ways:

  • Install barriers: You can install physical barriers like fences, mesh screens or underground barriers around the perimeter of your lawn or garden. This will prevent moles from burrowing further into your property. The barriers should be at least 2 feet deep to prevent the moles from digging underneath.
  • Remove their food source: Moles are attracted to grubs and other insects in the soil. By removing their food source, you will discourage them from entering your property. Use insecticides or nematodes to kill the grubs.
  • Remove their habitat: Moles prefer to live in damp, cool areas. Remove any piles of leaves, grass clippings or other debris that could provide a suitable habitat for moles. Keep the grass well-trimmed to discourage moles from taking up residence on your lawn.
  • Plant deterrents: Certain plants, like marigolds or alliums, have been known to repel moles. Planting these around the perimeter of your property can help discourage moles from entering.
  • Maintain soil moisture: Moles prefer to burrow in moist soil. By watering your lawn or garden regularly, you can discourage moles from staying in the area.

By taking these preventive measures, you can significantly reduce your chances of having moles on your property.

Moles Trapping and Removal Techniques

Trapping and removal are the most effective ways of getting rid of moles. To successfully trap and remove these pests, you need to understand their habits and behaviors. Here are some effective mole trapping and removal techniques:

Technique Description
1. Scissor-jawed mole trap This is considered the most effective mole trap. It involves digging a hole along a mole tunnel and placing the trap in the hole. The trap uses scissor-like blades to catch the mole when it triggers the mechanism.
2. Harpoon mole trap This trap works by using a spring-loaded harpoon to skewer the mole. The trap is placed perpendicular to the mole tunnel, and the harpoon is triggered when the mole passes through the tunnel.
3. Pitfall trap This is a simple trap that involves placing a bucket or container in a mole tunnel. As the mole digs along the tunnel, it falls into the container and can’t escape.
4. Live trapping This option allows you to trap the mole alive and relocate it to another area. Live traps are placed in mole tunnels and baited with worm or grubs. Once the mole is caught, it can be released far away from your property.

It is important to check the traps regularly to ensure that any mole caught is removed from the trap and the trap is reset. It is also essential to wear gloves while handling the traps, as moles can detect human scent on them and avoid the traps altogether. Remember, trapping and removal techniques should only be done if you have identified that moles are causing significant damage to your property.

Moles Repellents: Effective or Not?

When it comes to moles control, many homeowners turn to repellents as a solution. However, the question is – are these repellents actually effective? Let’s take a look at some of the most common types of mole repellents and their effectiveness:

  • Castor Oil: This is a popular natural remedy that is said to work by making the soil taste unpleasant to moles. However, there is no strong scientific evidence to support the effectiveness of castor oil in repelling moles. Some homeowners swear by it, while others claim that it is a waste of time and money.
  • Sonic Repellents: These devices emit high-pitched sounds that are designed to scare away moles. While some people claim that they work, there is little scientific evidence to support this. In fact, some experts argue that these repellents may actually attract moles to the area, as they mistake the sounds for the noises made by prey.
  • Mothballs: Some homeowners use mothballs as a mole repellent, claiming that the strong odor deters moles. However, this method is not recommended, as mothballs contain chemicals that can be harmful to humans and pets, and there is no evidence to suggest that they are effective at repelling moles.
  • Peppermint Oil: This is another natural remedy that is said to repel moles. However, there is little scientific evidence to support this claim. Some people claim that peppermint oil works, while others say that it has no effect on moles.

While there are many types of mole repellents available on the market, the effectiveness of these products is largely unproven. It may be better to focus on more reliable methods of moles control, such as trapping or using natural predators.

Moles Poison: Safe Options to Consider

When it comes to controlling moles, using poisons is not the safest method. However, if you decide to go this route, it’s important to choose a poison that is both effective and safe for other animals and the environment. Here are some safe options to consider:

  • Calcium Phosphide: This is a popular poison option for moles. When consumed by the mole, it releases a toxic gas that kills the animal. However, it’s important to use caution when handling this poison as it can be harmful to humans and pets as well.
  • Zinc Phosphide: This poison works in a similar way to calcium phosphide, but it’s considered safer for the environment as it degrades quickly in soil.
  • Bromethalin: This is a newer type of poison that is effective in killing moles. However, it’s important to use this poison with caution as it can also harm other animals that may come across the dead mole.

It’s important to follow the instructions carefully when using any type of poison, and to take steps to ensure that other animals or pets do not come into contact with it. Additionally, it’s important to consider non-poisonous methods of controlling moles, as they are safer for the environment and other animals.

Moles Control Tips and Tricks

Now that we’ve covered the basics of moles, identified the different types, and discussed their behavior and habits, it’s time to tackle the issue of controlling these pesky animals. Controlling moles can be a challenging task, but there are several tips and tricks you can try to keep your lawn and garden mole-free. In this section of our comprehensive guide, we will explore various moles control tips and tricks that are effective and safe for both you and the environment. From do’s and don’ts to natural control strategies, we’ve got you covered. So, let’s dive in!

Moles Control Do’s and Don’ts

When it comes to controlling moles on your property, there are certain things you should and shouldn’t do. Here’s a list of some important do’s and don’ts to keep in mind:


  • Identify the type of mole you are dealing with to determine the best control methods.
  • Regularly check your lawn and garden for signs of mole activity to catch the problem early.
  • Use proven trapping techniques such as the scissor-jawed trap or harpoon trap to safely and effectively catch moles.
  • Consider using mole repellents that contain castor oil or other natural ingredients that won’t harm the environment, pets or other wildlife.
  • Take steps to make your lawn and garden less attractive to moles, such as removing grubs and other insects that they feed on, and reducing watering and fertilization.


  • Use toxic mole poisons that can harm pets, children and other wildlife, and may be illegal in your area.
  • Ignore signs of mole activity, as they can quickly become a larger problem if left unchecked.
  • Use inhumane trapping techniques such as drowning or using glue boards, which can cause unnecessary suffering to the animal.
  • Overwater or over-fertilize your lawn and garden, as this can attract moles by creating a more favorable environment for their food sources.
  • Use sonic devices or other unproven repellents, as they have not been shown to be effective in controlling mole populations.

By following these do’s and don’ts, you can take effective steps towards controlling moles on your property without causing harm to the animal or the environment. Remember, prevention and early detection are key to keeping moles out of your lawn and garden.

Moles Prevention Checklist

One of the best ways to control moles is by preventing them from entering your property in the first place. Creating a moles prevention checklist can help you keep them away. Here are some tips to keep in mind:

  • Keep grass trimmed: Moles love to burrow in tall grass, so keep your lawn well-manicured and mowed frequently to deter them.
  • Eliminate grubs: Moles feed on insects like grubs, so you can control their presence by getting rid of their food source. Use a natural insecticide or nematodes to control grubs in your lawn.
  • Remove piles of debris: Moles may use piles of debris as a place to hide or burrow, so keep your yard free of excess debris or clutter.
  • Install barriers: You can install barriers around garden beds or other areas to keep moles from entering. Use items like mesh wire, rocks, or gravel to make it harder for them to burrow into those areas.
  • Plant deterrents: Some plants repel moles, such as daffodils or alliums. Use these plants as a natural deterrent around your yard.
  • Use sound repellents: Ultrasonic devices emit high-frequency sounds that can scare off moles. Just be sure the device is placed in the area where moles are present.
  • Keep soil moist: Moles prefer dry soil, so watering your lawn and garden often can help deter them from burrowing in your yard.
  • Regularly inspect your property: Check your yard regularly for signs of mole activity, such as raised burrows or damaged grass. Early detection can help prevent a mole problem from becoming more severe.

By following these tips in your moles prevention checklist, you can reduce the chances of moles ever becoming a problem on your property.

Natural Moles Control Strategies

There are a variety of natural methods to control moles that are safe for both humans and the environment. Some of these methods may be effective, while others may not. Here are a few natural mole control strategies worth trying:

Strategy Effectiveness
Castor Oil May repel moles for a short period of time, but usually not a long-term solution.
Cayenne Pepper Can be sprinkled in mole tunnels to make them inhospitable to moles, but may wash away easily.
Coffee Grounds Have been known to repel moles due to their strong scent, but may need to be reapplied frequently.
Gopher Spurge Contains a toxic sap that may deter moles, but it can be harmful to other animals and should be handled with care.
Mole Plant A type of euphorbia plant that secretes a toxic sap which can deter moles, but like gopher spurge, it can be harmful to other animals.
Planting Daffodils Some gardeners claim that planting daffodil bulbs around the perimeter of a garden may keep moles away due to their toxicity, but there is little scientific evidence to support this claim.
Ultrasonic Devices Claim to emit high-frequency sound waves that repel moles, but there is limited evidence to support their effectiveness.

It’s worth noting that not all natural methods will be effective in every situation. What works for one person may not work for another. If you’re considering a natural mole control strategy, it’s always a good idea to do your research and see what others have had success with before investing your time and effort.


In conclusion, understanding and controlling moles is important for maintaining the health and appearance of our lawns and gardens. While moles play a beneficial role in the ecosystem by aerating soil and controlling insect populations, they can also cause significant damage and frustration for homeowners.

Identifying the type of mole present on your property is the first step in developing an effective control strategy. The Eastern mole, star-nosed mole, and hairy-tailed mole each have distinct physical characteristics and behavior patterns.

Taking preventative measures such as regularly watering your lawn and removing potential food sources can help deter moles from entering your property. However, trapping and removal techniques remain the most effective way to rid your lawn of moles.

Moles repellents and poisons may offer temporary relief, but have limited success and can pose risks for both humans and other animals. Natural control strategies, such as planting specific vegetation and introducing predator species, may also provide long-term solutions for managing mole populations.

By following the guidelines outlined in this comprehensive guide, homeowners can better understand and address mole activity on their property. With a combination of knowledge and effective control techniques, moles can be managed in a way that supports the health and appearance of our outdoor environments.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the lifespan of a mole?

The lifespan of a mole ranges from 2 to 4 years.

Do all moles have the same diet?

Yes, all moles have a similar diet that consists of insects, earthworms, and other small invertebrates found in the soil.

Are moles dangerous to humans?

No, moles are not dangerous to humans. They do not carry diseases and do not bite, but their tunnel digging can damage gardens and lawns.

Can I keep a mole as a pet?

No, keeping moles as pets is not recommended as they have specific dietary and environmental needs that are difficult to meet in captivity.

What is the best time to trap moles?

The best time to trap moles is in the spring or fall when the soil is moist and easier for moles to move through. Trapping is more difficult in the summer and winter when the soil is dry or frozen.

Can I use mothballs to repel moles?

No, mothballs are not an effective method for repelling moles and can be hazardous to pets and wildlife if ingested.

What is the difference between a mole and a vole?

Moles are burrowing animals that feed on insects, while voles are rodents that primarily feed on plants. Voles do not create tunnels like moles.

Can I use a garden hose to flood mole tunnels?

No, flooding mole tunnels with a garden hose is not an effective method for controlling moles and can cause soil erosion and damage to gardens and lawns.

Are there any natural predators of moles?

Yes, some of the natural predators of moles include owls, hawks, foxes, and snakes.

Why do moles create tunnels?

Moles create tunnels to search for food, travel to different areas of their territory, and to create nesting areas.