Understanding the Nutritional Needs of Moles

Have you ever looked out at your lawn to find it dotted with unsightly mole hills? Have you wondered why moles seem to have taken up residence in your yard instead of a more suitable habitat? Understanding the nutritional needs of moles provides key insights for keeping them away. The Nutritional Needs of Moles are varied and complex, and having a better understanding of their diet can help you create an environment that is less attractive to them. This article will provide a step-by-step guide to understanding the nutritional needs of moles and how to keep them away from your yard.

The Nutritional Needs of Moles

The Nutritional Needs Of Moles
Moles may be small animals, but their presence can wreak havoc on your lawn and garden. Understanding the nutritional needs of moles can help you identify what is attracting them to your property and how to keep them away. Moles are voracious eaters, and their diet consists mainly of insects and grubs found in the soil. However, soil health and nutrient deficiencies can also play a significant role in attracting moles to your yard. In this section, we will explore the dietary needs of moles and the impact of soil health on their behavior. Keep reading to learn more about the fascinating world of moles and how to keep them away from your property. If you want to learn more about the effects of moles on your garden, check out our article on what moles eat in your garden.

Understanding the Diet of Moles

Moles are insectivores, meaning they primarily feed on insects and grubs. As burrowing animals, they spend most of their time underground searching for food. Moles have high metabolic rates, which means they require a considerable amount of food to sustain their energy levels. They eat up to 60-100% of their body weight in food each day, which is crucial for their survival.

Some of the insects and grubs most commonly found in a mole’s diet include earthworms, beetles, ants, and larvae. Moles have very acute senses of smell and touch, which allow them to locate their prey even in complete darkness. They dig up tunnels and create raised ridges in search of food sources. The mole’s diet can vary based on the availability of food sources, but they prefer insects and grubs that are high in protein and low in fat.

Despite their love for insects and grubs, moles also require a balanced diet to maintain their health and wellbeing. They obtain some nutrients and minerals from the soil as they dig tunnels, but they also need specific nutrients from their food to remain healthy. Mole nutrition deficiencies can have serious impacts on their overall health, making them more susceptible to diseases and health problems.

To ensure that mole populations do not occur, it is important to monitor the nutritional health of the soil in your lawn. Understanding the relationship between moles’ diet and lawn health can help you identify any potential problems with soil quality that might be attracting moles. When you maintain healthy soil, you can limit the number of insects and grubs in your lawn, which can lead to fewer mole infestations.

As you plan to keep your lawn free from moles and other pests, it’s essential to recognize the role of soil health alongside other aspects of lawn care. If you’re interested in learning more about the impact of grubs on mole infestations, you can read our article on whether or not grubs are the only reason moles come to your garden. Additionally, you can find helpful strategies to modify your garden layout to deter moles in our article about how to repel moles naturally by changing garden design.

The Role of Insects and Grubs in a Mole’s Diet

Insects and grubs play a crucial part in the diet of moles. These tiny creatures are loaded with protein, which is essential for the growth and development of moles. Earthworms, beetles, ants, and grubs are some of the main targets of a mole’s underground hunt. The protein in these creatures is necessary for keeping a mole’s body healthy and strong, enabling them to dig through the soil.

Moles have a great sense of smell, which helps them locate their prey. They also have elongated, thin snouts and sharp, pointed teeth that allow them to easily catch and eat their food. In fact, a mole can eat its weight in insects and grubs every day!

While moles primarily eat insects and grubs, they do not eat the roots of plants, as is often thought. However, their underground tunneling and hunting can disrupt the soil and cause damage to the roots of plants. This can lead to the death of grass and other plants, affecting the overall health of your lawn. To learn more about how a mole’s diet affects your lawn’s health, check out our article on “Understanding the Nutritional Needs of Moles: A Guide to Keep Them Away.”

Insects and grubs are a primary source of nutrition for moles. While their tunneling and hunting can cause damage to your lawn, it is important to understand their diet to effectively keep them away.

The Importance of Soil Health for Moles

Moles are burrowing animals that live underground in search of food. They have a high metabolism and require a large amount of food to meet their energy needs. In addition to their diet, soil health also plays an important role in the lives of moles. Here are some reasons why:

  • Soil texture: Moles prefer soil that is fine-textured and loose, as it allows them to move easily and quickly through the soil.
  • Soil moisture: Moles require moist soil to dig tunnels and forage for food. As the soil dries out, it becomes harder to dig through and can limit their ability to obtain food.
  • Soil acidity: Moles prefer soil that is neutral to slightly acidic. If the soil becomes too alkaline, it can limit the amount of available nutrients in the soil which can lead to nutritional deficiencies for the moles.
  • Soil fertility: The fertility of the soil is important to the health of the moles. Nutrient-rich soil provides an abundant supply of insects and grubs for the moles to feed on. In contrast, poor soil fertility can lead to a lack of food and malnourishment for the moles.

It is essential to maintain the health of your lawn’s soil in order to keep moles at bay. This can include regularly testing the soil pH levels, ensuring irrigation systems are properly functioning, and adding organic matter such as compost or fertilizer to improve soil fertility. By taking these steps, you can not only keep your lawn looking healthy but provide a less attractive habitat for moles.

How to Identify Nutritional Deficiencies in Your Lawn

One of the biggest reasons moles invade lawns is to find food. If you notice moles in your yard, it’s a sign that your lawn may be lacking the necessary nutrients. So, it’s essential to identify nutritional deficiencies in your lawn to keep moles away. Here’s how you can do it:

Conduct a soil test: A soil test is an effective way to identify nutrient deficiencies. It will tell you what nutrients are present and which ones are missing from your soil. You can get a soil test kit from a gardening store, or you can hire a professional to conduct the test for you.

Observe the color of your grass: The color of your grass can indicate whether it’s lacking nutrients. For example, if your grass is yellow or pale, it may be deficient in nitrogen. If it’s reddish, it may lack iron.

Look for stunted growth: If your grass is not growing as it should, it’s a sign that it may be lacking essential nutrients. Look for slow or stunted growth, which can be caused by a lack of phosphorus, nitrogen, or potassium.

Check for bare patches: Bare patches in your lawn can indicate a lack of nutrients. If your lawn is deficient in nitrogen, it will have yellow or brown patches. If it’s deficient in phosphorus, you may see dead patches.

Identify weed growth: Weeds are an indication that your lawn is not getting enough nutrients. Different types of weed growth can indicate different types of deficiencies. For example, if you see broadleaf weeds, it’s a sign that your lawn is lacking in nitrogen.

To keep moles away, it’s essential to address any nutritional deficiencies in your lawn. A healthy lawn will discourage moles from invading your yard in search of food.

How to Keep Moles Away

Now that we have discussed the nutritional needs of moles, it’s time to look at how to keep them away from your lawn and garden. Moles can be pesky and destructive, causing damage to the soil and vegetation. However, there are various methods you can use to create an unattractive habitat for moles, use natural deterrents, or even call a professional exterminator. In this section, we will explore these options in detail to help you protect your yard from these burrowing mammals. Let’s dive into some effective strategies for keeping moles at bay.

Creating an Unattractive Habitat for Moles

Moles are attracted to certain habitats and environments that provide them with an abundance of food and shelter. By making your lawn less attractive to moles, you can reduce the likelihood of them visiting your property. Here are some tips for creating an unattractive habitat for moles:

1. Remove piles of debris and clutter. Moles love to burrow in piles of leaves, mulch, and other debris. By removing these piles, you can reduce the amount of space available for moles to create tunnels and nests.

2. Keep your lawn well-manicured. Moles are attracted to lush, green lawns that provide them with a steady diet of insects and grubs. By keeping your lawn well-maintained and free of weeds, you can reduce the amount of food available for moles.

3. Install fencing around your garden. Moles are also attracted to gardens, which can provide a rich source of food in the form of vegetables and fruits. By installing fencing around your garden, you can make it more difficult for moles to gain access and reduce the chance of damage.

4. Remove standing water. Moles prefer moist soil, which is easier to burrow through. By removing standing water around your yard, you can make the soil less attractive to moles.

5. Use compost carefully. While compost can be great for your plants, it can also attract moles if not used properly. Make sure to mix your compost into the soil rather than leaving it on top, and avoid adding large amounts of food waste that can attract moles.

By implementing these strategies, you can create a less attractive habitat for moles and reduce the likelihood of them taking up residence in your lawn or garden.

Using Natural Mole Deterrents

Natural mole deterrents are a safe and effective way of keeping moles away from your lawn without harming them. Here are some natural ways to deter moles:

  • Castor oil: Moles do not like the smell of castor oil, so spraying it on your lawn can be an effective way of keeping them away. Mix a few tablespoons of castor oil with some dish soap and water, then spray the solution onto your lawn.
  • Plant deterrents: Certain plants have natural compounds that are known to repel moles. These include daffodils, marigolds, and alliums. Planting these in and around your lawn can help to keep moles away.
  • Mulch: Moles prefer to burrow in bare soil, so adding a layer of mulch to your lawn can make it less attractive to them.
  • Homemade repellents: There are many homemade mole repellents that you can make using natural ingredients, such as garlic, cayenne pepper, and onion. Mix these with water and dish soap, then spray the solution onto your lawn.
  • Vibrating stakes: Vibrating stakes emit a high-frequency sound that moles do not like, which can be an effective way of keeping them away. Place the stakes in the ground around your lawn.

It is important to note that natural mole deterrents may not work for all cases and it may take time before noticing any effects.

Trapping and Removing Moles

One way to get rid of moles is by trapping and removing them from your yard. There are several types of traps available for trapping moles, but it’s important to choose the most effective one for your specific situation.

Types of Mole Traps

Type of Trap Description
Scissor Jaw Trap A spring-loaded trap that is triggered when a mole disturbs the ground above it. The scissor jaws close on either side of the mole and kill it quickly.
Tunnel Trap A trap that is placed inside an active mole tunnel. When the mole passes through the tunnel, it triggers the trap and becomes trapped inside.
Bucket Trap A trap that is placed inside an active mole tunnel. When the mole passes through the tunnel, it falls into a bucket and is unable to climb out.

How to Use Mole Traps

Before setting a mole trap, it’s important to locate an active mole tunnel. This can be done by stomping on the ground to create visible mole hills and then waiting to see which hills are repaired.

Once you’ve located an active mole tunnel, place the trap inside the tunnel according to the manufacturer’s instructions. It’s important to wear gloves when handling traps to avoid leaving your scent on them and scaring away the moles.

What to Do with Trapped Moles

Once you’ve successfully trapped a mole, it’s important to handle it carefully to avoid being bitten. You can release the mole in a wooded area at least five miles away from your property, or you can euthanize it according to local regulations.

It’s important to note that trapping and removing moles is not always effective, as new moles may move into the area to take their place. It’s also important to address the underlying issues in your lawn that are attracting moles in the first place, such as an abundance of insects or poor soil health.

Calling a Professional Exterminator

In some cases, calling a professional exterminator may be necessary to get rid of moles if other methods have failed. Exterminators have the experience and knowledge to properly identify and locate mole tunnels, and they have access to stronger traps and repellents.

However, it is important to choose an exterminator who uses humane methods and does not resort to the use of poisons, which can be harmful to both moles and other wildlife.

When hiring an exterminator, do your research and make sure they are licensed and experienced in mole removal. The cost of hiring an exterminator can vary depending on the severity of the infestation and the methods used.

It’s also important to understand that even with the help of an exterminator, it may take some time and effort to fully remove moles from your property. Ongoing monitoring and preventive measures will likely need to be taken to keep moles from returning.

Calling a professional exterminator is a last resort for mole removal and should only be done after trying other methods. Choose an exterminator who uses humane methods and has experience in mole removal. Keep in mind that multiple treatments may be necessary and ongoing monitoring is important to prevent future infestations.

Pros Cons
Professional experience and knowledge Can be expensive
Access to stronger traps and repellents May not be environmentally friendly
Effective for severe infestations Moles may return if preventive measures are not taken


In conclusion, it is important to understand the nutritional needs of moles in order to effectively keep them away from your lawn or garden. Moles have a unique diet that is primarily focused on insects and grubs found in soil, but they also require a balanced diet of other nutrients found in healthy soil.

To create a less attractive habitat for moles, it is important to maintain a healthy lawn and garden by regularly watering and fertilizing the soil. Additionally, using natural mole deterrents such as castor oil or garlic can help repel moles from your property.

If these methods prove unsuccessful, trapping and removing moles can be a viable option, but it is important to do so in a humane and effective manner to avoid causing unnecessary harm to the animals. Alternatively, calling a professional exterminator may be necessary for severe infestations.

Overall, understanding the nutritional needs and habits of moles and taking proactive measures to prevent infestations is key to maintaining a healthy and beautiful lawn or garden. By implementing the tips and strategies outlined in this guide, homeowners can effectively keep moles away and preserve the health and beauty of their outdoor spaces.

Frequently Asked Questions

What exactly are moles?

Moless are small burrowing mammals known for their pointed snouts and long claws that help them dig underground tunnels.

Why are moles often considered pests?

Moles are considered pests because of the extensive damage they can cause to lawns and gardens while foraging for food.

What types of insects and grubs do moles eat?

Moles eat a variety of insects and grubs, including beetle larvae, earthworms, and slugs.

How does soil health affect a mole’s diet?

Soil health plays an important role in a mole’s diet as it helps to increase the number of insects and grubs present in the soil.

What are some signs that moles are living in my lawn?

Signs of a mole infestation include raised ridges and tunnels in the lawn or garden, as well as dead or dying patches of grass or foliage.

How can I make my yard less attractive to moles?

Making your yard less attractive to moles can be achieved by keeping your lawn and garden healthy, removing debris and clutter, and using natural deterrents.

What natural mole deterrents can I use?

Natural mole deterrents include castor oil, red pepper flakes, and planting plants that repel moles, such as daffodils and alliums.

Is trapping and removing moles an effective method of control?

Trapping and removing moles can be an effective method of control, but it requires skill and patience, and the process can often be time-consuming.

When should I consider calling a professional exterminator?

Consider calling a professional exterminator if you have tried all other methods of control and the mole infestation is still present, or if the infestation is particularly severe.

Can I use toxic poisons to control moles?

Using toxic poisons to control moles is not recommended as it can harm other wildlife and pets in the area, and it may not even be effective in controlling the infestation.