Vegetation in Mole Habitats

As we venture deeper into the fascinating world of moles, we are left wondering about the role vegetation plays in their habitats. It is a common knowledge that these small creatures love to burrow, but what impact does plant life have on their burrows and feeding habits? In this article, we will delve into the importance of vegetation for moles, the types of vegetation they prefer, as well as the pros and cons of limiting vegetation to control these fascinating creatures. Come along with us on this journey as we uncover the mysteries of mole habitats!

The Importance of Vegetation for Moles

The Importance Of Vegetation For Moles
Moles are fascinating burrowing animals that play an essential role in their ecosystem. They are almost always found in locations with specific habitat characteristics, and one of the crucial factors is vegetation. The vegetation in and around mole habitats provides numerous benefits for the animals, impacting both their burrowing and feeding habits. This article will discuss the relationship between moles and vegetation, the types of vegetation preferred by moles, as well as the impact of vegetation control on mole populations. Understanding these relationships can help you make informed decisions about how to manage a mole problem in your yard. To learn more about mole habitats in yards, check out our article on mole habitats in yards.

How Vegetation Affects Burrowing

Vegetation plays a crucial role in facilitating burrowing for moles, as different types of plants can significantly influence the ease and speed of digging. Taller and thicker vegetation can provide a more challenging obstacle for moles, forcing them to expend more energy and time to burrow through the soil. In contrast, shorter and sparser vegetation can make the soil more aerated and looser, which can help moles to excavate more easily.

Roots of plants affect the structure of mole tunnels. Roots from taller and denser vegetation can anchor the soil and create more stable tunnels, which can be helpful for long-term dwelling. Additionally, certain plant species like clover, alfalfa, and soybeans can create a network of underground tunnels that can aid mole movement and burrowing. However, this can also cause problems for gardeners and farmers, as moles can uproot and damage the plants while digging.

It’s essential to understand the vegetation preferences of moles when creating or altering their habitats. For instance, clearing tall grasses or trees in a lawn or garden can make the environment less attractive for moles. However, it’s crucial to note that factors like soil type, moisture content, and season also impact mole behavior and burrowing. Understanding these factors can help in creating an unattractive environment for moles.

To provide suitable mole habitat, gardeners can plant vegetation that is less conducive to burrowing or that moles do not prefer, such as grains like flax, rye, or oats. These types of plants have a shallow root system that cannot anchor the soil and will not provide stable tunnel networks. Another option is planting vegetables with bulbs or tubers such as daffodils, tulips, or potatoes, which are unappetizing to moles.

However, it’s essential to evaluate the pros and cons of limiting vegetation that can impact the ecosystem’s overall health, including soil quality and biodiversity. While habitat modification can be an effective removal method for moles, there are other options to consider, like detecting mole tunnels and using alternative mole control methods.

How Vegetation Affects Feeding

Moles are insectivores and depend on their sense of smell to locate their food. Vegetation in their habitat plays an important role in helping them find their prey. Vegetation cover provides shade, which helps to keep the soil moist and cool, thus providing the perfect conditions for insects and grubs to thrive.

Plants also attract insects to their root zone, and this benefits the mole’s feeding. Plant roots produce exudates that attract soil microorganisms, nematodes, and other insects which then attract larger insects like beetles and worms. The increased insect activity around the roots makes it a hot spot for moles where they can easily catch their prey. They also prefer to feed on earthworms and other invertebrates found in the top layer of the soil, and vegetation cover helps to keep this layer hydrated.

However, too much vegetation can make it difficult for moles to find and catch their prey. Overgrown shrubs and plants can provide cover for small mammals like mice that compete with moles for food. Some plants have toxins that are harmful to insects and pests that the mole feeds on thus limiting the food supply.

The amount of vegetation cover in a mole habitat can also affect the availability of food during different seasons. For example, some plants produce seeds and fruits during the summer, which is a crucial time for moles to build up their fat stores before the winter months when food is scarce. Lack of vegetation cover during this crucial period could lead to malnourishment.

Internal link: To learn more about soil type in mole habitats, read our article on soil type and mole habitats.

Types of Vegetation Preferred by Moles

Types Of Vegetation Preferred By Moles
Moles are burrowing animals that require a specific environment to thrive. Vegetation plays a pivotal role in creating the perfect habitat for these creatures. Knowing which types of vegetation moles prefer is crucial in maintaining an ideal habitat. Understanding their preferences can help gardeners and landscapers make informed decisions as to what to plant in their outdoor spaces. In this section, we’ll explore the vegetation types that moles prefer, including grasses, root vegetables, and other plants that thrive in moisture-rich mole habitats. Additionally, we’ll highlight the importance of vegetation selection in their seasonal habitat behavior.

Grasses and Grains

Grasses and grains are an important part of a mole’s diet, and they also play a key role in creating a suitable habitat for moles. Moles eat a variety of grasses and grains, including fescue, bluegrass, clover, wheat, and oats. These plants provide moles with the nutrition they need to stay healthy and active.

In addition to providing a food source, grasses and grains also help moles create burrows. Mole burrows are often located in grassy areas, and the roots from these plants help to stabilize the soil and prevent the burrows from collapsing. The presence of grasses and grains in a mole habitat also provides cover and protection for moles as they move through their environment.

Grasses Grains
fescue wheat
bluegrass oats

It is important to note that moles prefer different types of grasses and grains depending on the region they are in and the time of year. For example, moles in wetter climates may prefer grasses that can withstand more moisture, while moles in drier climates may prefer drought-resistant species. Additionally, moles may change their diet and habitat preferences based on seasonal changes in their environment. For more information on moisture in mole habitats, visit our article on Moisture in Mole Habitats. For more information on seasonal mole habitat behavior, visit our article on Seasonal Mole Habitat Behavior.

Root Vegetables

Moles have a preference for several types of vegetation, especially root vegetables. These vegetables are often found in the soil and provide a food source for moles as they dig through the earth.
Some of the most common root vegetables that moles prefer include:

  • Potatoes: Moles are known to consume potatoes, which are high in starch and nutrients. The presence of potatoes can attract moles to a particular area, making it more likely that they will build their tunnels there.
  • Carrots: Carrots are another root vegetable that moles enjoy. They are rich in vitamins and minerals, and can be an important part of a mole’s diet.
  • Radishes: Radishes are a root vegetable that is often overlooked when it comes to mole habitats, but they can be an important food source for these animals. They are high in nutrients and can help to sustain moles as they burrow through the soil.
  • Beets: Beets are a root vegetable that can be an important source of nutrition for moles. They are high in fiber, vitamins, and minerals, and can help to keep moles healthy as they burrow and feed.

It is important to note that while moles prefer to feed on root vegetables, this does not mean that they will not feed on other types of vegetation. Moles are opportunistic feeders and will consume any food source that is available to them. However, root vegetables are an important part of their diet and can play a key role in their habitat.

Other Vegetation

Moles have been found to prefer certain types of vegetation, but they also have been observed eating a wide variety of other plants in their habitats. Some examples of the other vegetation moles eat include:

  • Insects: While not technically vegetation, insects are a significant part of a mole’s diet. Moles eat a variety of insects that can be found in and around their burrows, including earthworms, grubs, and beetles.
  • Fruits: Moles will sometimes snack on fruits that are found in their habitat, such as blackberries or strawberries.
  • Leaves: Moles have been observed eating the leaves of plants such as clovers and dandelions.
  • Bark: In some cases, moles have been found chewing on the bark of certain trees or shrubs.

It is important to note that while moles do eat these other types of vegetation, they tend to prefer grasses, grains, and root vegetables as the main staples in their diet. However, if the preferred vegetation is not available or if the mole is particularly hungry, they may turn to other types of vegetation to satisfy their hunger.

Limiting Vegetation to Control Moles

As much as vegetation is crucial for moles, it could also become a problem for property owners. Excessive growth of vegetation could lead to an increase in mole activity, causing damage to gardens, lawns, and fields. As a result, many people opt for limiting vegetation as a means of controlling mole populations. However, this method is not without its drawbacks and may require careful consideration before implementation. Let’s explore the advantages and disadvantages of vegetation control and alternative methods of mole control.

Pros and Cons of Vegetation Control

Controlling vegetation in mole habitats can have both positive and negative effects, and it is important to consider both before deciding whether to implement this strategy.


  • Reduction in mole activity: When vegetation is removed from a mole habitat, moles may be less likely to frequent the area because they have less cover and fewer food sources available.
  • Easier mole detection: If vegetation is limited, it may be easier to spot mole activity, such as raised burrows or tunnels, making it easier to track and catch moles.
  • Reduced risk of damage: Moles can cause damage to lawns and gardens by burrowing and uprooting plants. Limiting vegetation can help reduce this risk.


  • Reduced soil quality: Vegetation plays an important role in maintaining healthy soil, and removing it can lead to erosion and decreased fertility.
  • Impact on other wildlife: Vegetation provides habitat and food sources for a variety of wildlife, and removing it can have negative impacts on other species.
  • Temporary solution: Limiting vegetation may only provide a temporary solution to mole problems, as moles may simply move to other areas with better vegetation cover.

While limiting vegetation may have some benefits in controlling moles, it is important to carefully consider the potential negative impacts and decide if this method is appropriate for the specific situation. Additionally, it may be worth exploring alternative methods of mole control that do not involve limiting vegetation.

Alternative Methods of Controlling Moles

Alternative Methods of Controlling Moles

While limiting vegetation can be an effective way to control mole populations, there are also alternative methods that can be used. Here are some of the most common methods:

Method Description
Trapping Trapping is one of the most effective methods of controlling moles. Traps can be placed in active tunnels to catch and remove the animals.
Repellents Repellents are another option for controlling moles. These products are designed to emit a scent or sound that is unpleasant to moles, causing them to leave an area.
Fumigation Fumigation involves injecting gas into the mole tunnels, causing them to suffocate and die. This method is not recommended for use on residential properties, as it can be dangerous to humans and pets.
Flooding Flooding is a natural method of controlling moles. By flooding the tunnels, moles will be forced to abandon their homes and move to a new location.
Predators Encouraging natural predators, such as snakes or owls, to inhabit the area can also help to control mole populations.

It is important to note that some of these methods, such as fumigation, can be harmful to the environment and other animals. When choosing a method of mole control, it is important to consider the potential impact on the surrounding ecosystem.


In conclusion, the role of vegetation in mole habitats cannot be overstated. Vegetation has a significant impact on the burrowing and feeding habits of moles, as well as their ability to find shelter from predators. While there are certain types of vegetation that are preferred by moles, excessive growth can lead to negative consequences, such as limiting sunlight and nutrient absorption for other plants in the area.

Therefore, it is important for those looking to control moles to carefully consider the pros and cons of limiting vegetation in the area. Alternative methods of mole control, such as traps or repellents, may be more effective in certain situations.

Ultimately, understanding the relationship between vegetation and mole behavior is crucial for creating a safe and healthy environment for all plant and animal species in the area. By striking a balance between vegetation growth and mole control, we can ensure that these creatures coexist peacefully in their natural habitats.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the main reason moles require vegetation in their habitats?

Moles require vegetation in their habitats because it provides them with food as well as important cover for shelter.

How does vegetation impact a mole’s ability to burrow?

Vegetation can make it more difficult for moles to burrow as roots and other plant material can get in the way, but it can also provide important stability and structure to the mole’s tunnels.

What types of vegetation do moles prefer?

Moles prefer grasses, grains, and root vegetables in their habitats, but they will also utilize other vegetation as needed.

Can vegetation be used to control moles?

Yes, vegetation can be used to control moles by limiting the amount of cover and food sources available in their habitats.

What are some potential drawbacks to controlling vegetation in mole habitats?

Limiting vegetation in mole habitats can have unintended consequences on other species and can alter the overall ecology of the area.

What are some alternative methods of controlling moles?

Trapping, using natural predators, and modifying habitat conditions to make them less favorable for mole activity are all alternative methods of controlling moles.

How do root vegetables specifically benefit moles?

Root vegetables provide moles with a high-energy food source that they can easily and quickly consume as they tunnel through the soil.

Can too much vegetation have negative effects on mole habitats?

Yes, too much vegetation can make it difficult for moles to move around and find food, which can negatively impact their overall health and survival.

How do moles utilize vegetation for shelter?

Moles will use vegetation, such as grasses or roots, to create underground nests and chambers for shelter and protection from predators.

Why is understanding the role of vegetation important for effectively controlling mole populations?

Understanding the role of vegetation in mole habitats allows for more targeted and effective control methods that do not have negative impacts on other species or the overall ecology of the area.