How to Identify Moles by Fur Color and Texture

The vast world of nature holds many fascinating creatures, and moles are no exception. These underground mammals have always been a mystery to many, with their unusual behavior and hidden lives. For those who are unfamiliar with moles, it can be quite difficult to identify them. But fear not, as this guide will provide you with everything you need to know about identifying moles by their fur color and texture. From the basics to the specific features of different mole species, this article will be your go-to source for mole identification. So grab a cup of tea, sit back and let’s dive into the world of moles.

Mole Identification Basics

Mole Identification Basics
Identifying moles may seem like a straightforward task, but it requires a keen eye and some knowledge about these elusive creatures. Knowing their physical traits and behaviors can give you a better understanding of mole identification basics. Before we dive into identifying moles by fur color and texture, let’s explore why it’s important to identify moles in your yard or garden. Understanding the characteristics of different kinds of moles will help you determine which strategies to employ to manage their presence effectively. Check out some fascinating articles about mole physiology traits, gender traits, and digging ability for more information on these subterranean mammals.

What Are Moles?

Moles are small, burrowing mammals that belong to the Talpidae family. They are known for their cylindrical bodies, short limbs, and pointed snouts, which are very efficient at digging through soil. Moles have small eyes and ears that are often covered by fur to prevent soil from getting in them while they work.

Moles are found all over the world, but they are most commonly found in North America, Europe, and Asia. They live in a variety of environments, including grasslands, forests, and even suburban backyards. They are most active during the early hours of the morning and late at night, spending the majority of their time burrowing through the ground in search of food.

Moles are insectivores, meaning they feed mainly on insects, worms, and other small invertebrates. They have a high metabolic rate and must consume a large amount of food in order to maintain their energy levels. Moles have specialized physical traits that enable them to hunt and capture their preferred prey, including sharp claws and strong jaw muscles.

Moles are fascinating creatures with unique physical characteristics that allow them to excavate soil with precision and efficiency. Understanding their traits and behaviors can help us appreciate the important role they play in our ecosystem.

Why Identify Moles?

Identifying moles is an essential skill for many landowners, gardeners, and farmers. Knowing how to identify these small mammals can help one decide on the best method for dealing with them, whether it means controlling their population, protecting gardens from their digging, or simply appreciating their presence. There are many reasons why identifying moles is important, and some of them are listed below:

  • Prevention of garden and lawn damage: Moles have powerful front paws and sharp claws that are adapted for digging, making them highly proficient at excavating large tunnels and burrows, which can cause damage to gardens, lawns, and golf courses. Being able to identify which type of mole is responsible for damage can lead to targeted treatment to prevent further destruction.
  • Understanding ecosystem health: Moles are an important part of the ecosystem because they help aerate and mix the soil, making it easier for plants to grow. They also serve as a food source for other animals like foxes, weasels, and hawks. Identifying moles in a specific area can give us insight into the local ecosystem and its health.
  • Protection of valuable crops: Some farmers cultivate valuable crops that can be destroyed by moles, such as potatoes and peanuts. Being able to identify and control mole populations can help protect these crops from damage.
  • Scientific study: Moles are fascinating creatures, and knowing how to identify them is important for scientists who study their behavior, physiology, and genetics. Understanding the unique traits and characteristics of different mole species can provide valuable information for research studies.

Knowing how to identify moles based on their fur color and texture is just one of the many ways to distinguish between them. To learn more about mole physiology, digging ability, and gender traits, please visit the following links:

Identifying moles is a useful skill that can benefit landowners, gardeners, and farmers by helping them protect valuable crops, understand local ecosystems, and prevent damage to lawns and gardens.

How to Identify Moles by Fur Color and Texture

Identifying moles by fur color and texture may seem overwhelming at first, but with some guidance, it can become a rather simple task. Here are the steps you can follow:

  1. Observe the mole’s general appearance: Take note of its size, shape, and location. Different species of moles have different physical characteristics. Familiarize yourself with the different types of moles to help you identify which species you are seeing.
  2. Look at the mole’s fur color: Note the color of the mole’s fur. This can be tricky, as some species come in different shades. Use a reference guide with color illustrations whenever possible.
  3. Check the mole’s fur texture: Take note of the texture of the mole’s fur. Different species have different fur textures, such as silky or wiry.
  4. Examine any distinguishing features: Some moles have specific characteristics that can help narrow down the species. For example, the star-nosed mole has a unique nose formation that distinguishes it from other species.

By following these simple steps, you can become proficient at identifying moles by their fur color and texture. Don’t be discouraged if it takes some time to identify a specific species, practice and experience will eventually make it easier.

Types of Moles

Types Of Moles
As you venture into the world of mole identification, you’ll quickly discover that not all moles are created equal. There are several different types of moles, each with their own unique characteristics and habitats. From the Eastern Mole, which is commonly found in North America, to the quirky-looking Star-Nosed Mole (learn more about its physique by clicking here), which calls the wetlands of eastern North America home, each type presents a new set of challenges when it comes to identification. In this section, we’ll explore the different types of moles, their habitats and behaviors, and how to identify them based on their fur color and texture.

Eastern Mole

The Eastern Mole is a small, insectivorous mammal native to the eastern United States. It is also known as the Common Mole due to its widespread distribution. The Eastern Mole is a subterranean animal and rarely emerges from its underground burrow system. It has several distinct characteristics that make it easy to identify.

Size: Adult Eastern Moles typically range in size from 5 to 7 inches long and weigh roughly 3 to 6 ounces.

Fur color and texture: The Eastern Mole has soft, dense, velvety fur that is usually dark grey to black in color. The fur is short and lies flat against the body to allow the mole to move easily through soil. The muzzle is hairless and has pink skin.

Body shape: Eastern Moles have a cylindrical body shape with short, powerful forelimbs that have broad, shovel-like paws for digging through soil. The hindlimbs are small and are used primarily for balance.

Diet: The Eastern Mole feeds primarily on earthworms and other soil-dwelling invertebrates, although it may also eat small roots and tubers.

Habitat: Eastern Moles are found in a variety of habitats, including fields, forests, and suburban lawns. They prefer well-drained, loose soil that is easy to dig through and are often found in gardens and lawns.

Behavior: Eastern Moles are solitary animals that are active year-round, although they are less active during the winter months. They burrow through soil in search of food and create an intricate system of tunnels that can extend for many feet underground.

If you want to know more about the Star-Nosed Mole’s physique, click on the link.

Star-Nosed Mole

The Star-Nosed Mole is a fascinating creature that can be found in the wetlands and marshy areas of eastern North America. These are small and compact moles with a distinguishing star-shaped nose, which sets them apart from other mole species. The star shape is made up of 22 pink tentacles or fleshy appendages that are used to detect and identify prey under water and on land.

Here is a table summary of the fur color and texture of the Star-Nosed Mole:

Feature Description
Fur Color The fur on the Star-Nosed Mole’s body is dark, velvety brown or black, while the star-shaped nose is pink.
Fur Texture The fur is soft and dense, which helps to keep the mole’s body warm in cold, wet habitats. The Star-Nosed Mole has thick, durable claws which helps it to dig tunnels in the muddy banks of streams and ponds.

The Star-Nosed Mole is a skilled swimmer and spends much of its time in and around water. Their fur is water-repellent and helps them to move swiftly through the water, while their powerful forearms and large paws help them to paddle through the water. Interestingly, the Star-Nosed Mole can catch prey underwater in as little as 230 milliseconds, making them one of the fastest predators in the animal kingdom.

The Star-Nosed Mole is a remarkable creature with unique physical features that aid in its survival in its wetland habitat. Its dark fur and velvety texture, along with its signature star-shaped nose, make it one of the most distinctive moles in North America.

Hairy-Tailed Mole

The Hairy-Tailed Mole is a species of mole that can be found in the eastern part of North America. They are sometimes referred to as “Hairy-Tailed Eastern Moles” due to their region of origin. Here are some key characteristics to help you identify the Hairy-Tailed Mole by fur color and texture:

  • Fur color: The Hairy-Tailed Mole has dark, velvety fur that is usually a dark gray-black color. Their fur may also have a slightly purplish sheen when viewed under the right light.
  • Fur texture: Their fur is incredibly soft and fine, with a texture that is almost velvety to the touch. The hairs are quite short and dense, making the Hairy-Tailed Mole look like a tiny puffball.
  • Other physical characteristics: The Hairy-Tailed Mole has large, paddle-like hind feet that help them to maneuver through soil and dirt. Their front paws are also quite large and strong, helping them to move through underground tunnels and create large mounds of dirt on the surface. The Hairy-Tailed Mole is slightly larger than other mole species, measuring around 6-7 inches in length. They also have a distinctive “hairy tail” which is longer than their body and covered in dense fur.

Identifying the Hairy-Tailed Mole can be tricky due to their nocturnal nature and underground habitat, but by paying attention to their unique fur color and texture, and their physical characteristics, you can learn make an accurate identification.

Coast Mole

The Coast Mole is a small, elusive mole species that is native to the western coastal areas of North America. Here are some unique characteristics of the Coast Mole that can help identify them based on their fur color and texture:

  • Fur Color: The fur color of the Coast Mole is typically dark gray or black. However, in some cases, they may have a lighter brown or reddish-brown color.
  • Fur Texture: The fur of the Coast Mole is soft and velvety to the touch.

The Coast Mole has several adaptations that make it well-suited to its coastal habitat. They have large, paddle-like forefeet that are used for swimming in the damp, sandy soils found along the coast. They also have small eyes and ears, which they do not rely on heavily. Instead, they have a highly developed sense of touch, using their sensitive snouts to detect prey in the soil.

Despite their name, Coast Moles are found in a variety of habitats, including grasslands, forests, and agricultural lands. They typically feed on earthworms, ants, and other small invertebrates found in the soil.

If you spot a small, dark-colored mole with soft fur in a coastal area, it is likely a Coast Mole. Their unique fur color and texture, along with their habitat preferences and physical adaptations, make them easily recognizable to trained eyes.

Broad-Footed Mole

The Broad-Footed Mole, which is also known as the Hesperomys or Scapanus latimanus, is a type of mole that is often found in the western part of North America. These moles are small, furry creatures that live underground and are adapted for digging. They have large, broad front feet that are used for excavating tunnels and their bodies are covered in thick, velvety fur that helps protect them from the rough underground terrain.


The Broad-Footed Mole’s fur is unique as it is characterized by a mixture of black, brown, and gray shades. The fur has a velvety texture that helps it glide through dirt easily. When the fur is looked at closely, it appears to be a mixture of light and dark hairs that are arranged in patterns.


The Broad-Footed Mole can be identified by its broad front feet and its velvety fur. The moles are also small in size, measuring up to 6 inches in length. Their eyes and ears are small, as they do not rely on sight or hearing to navigate through the underground tunnels. Instead, they rely heavily on their sense of touch.

Behavior and Habitat

Broad-Footed Moles are solitary animals and are rarely seen above ground. Their diet primarily consists of worms, insects, and other small animals that they can catch in their tunnels. These moles are also known for their ability to create intricate tunnel systems underground. They prefer to live in grasslands and woodland areas where the soil is soft and easy to dig.

Conservation Status

The Broad-Footed Mole is not considered an endangered species, but their populations are declining due to loss of habitat. Agricultural development and urbanization are some of the main reasons why they are losing their natural habitat. It is important to protect their habitat if we want to preserve their populations for future generations to enjoy.

Fur color Fur texture Identification features Habitat and behavior
Mix of black, brown and gray Velvety texture Broad front feet, small eyes and ears Grasslands and woodlands, solitary, subterranean

The Broad-Footed Mole is a fascinating species that plays an important role in their ecosystem. Their unique fur and adaptation to underground life make them a remarkable creature. Their populations may be declining, but we can all do our part to protect their habitat and ensure that they continue to thrive in the future.

Townsend’s Mole

Townsend’s mole, also known as the coast mole, is a type of mole found in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. It has a unique set of characteristics that distinguish it from other types of moles. Here are some key features of Townsend’s mole to help identify it:

  • Fur color: Townsend’s mole has dark, velvety fur that is usually blackish-brown in color.
  • Fur texture: The fur of Townsend’s mole is soft and silky to the touch, and is denser than that of most other moles.
  • Size: Townsend’s mole is one of the larger species of moles, measuring up to seven inches in length.
  • Body shape: This type of mole has a more slender body compared to other moles, making it more streamlined for swimming through the soil.
  • Front feet: Townsend’s mole also has unique front feet, with enlarged claws that help it to dig through soil and sand.

Identifying Townsend’s mole can be challenging due to its dark fur color and relatively small range, but paying attention to its distinctive characteristics can increase the chances of accurate identification. Knowing how to identify different types of moles by fur color and texture can also contribute to better understanding and management of these animals in their natural habitats.


Shrew-Moles are a unique species of moles that are known for their elongated snouts, small size, and velvety fur. There are three species of shrew-moles that are found in North America, including the Coast Shrew-mole, the Shasta shrew-mole, and the American shrew-mole. While shrew-moles are technically a type of mole, they are often categorized separately due to their distinct physical characteristics and behaviors.

Species Fur Color Fur Texture
Coast Shrew-mole Dark brown Thick, soft, and silky
Shasta Shrew-mole Dark gray to black Velvety and dense
American Shrew-mole Dark brown to black Velvety and dense

The Coast Shrew-mole is the largest of the shrew-moles and is distinguished by its dark brown fur that is thick, soft, and silky to the touch. The Shasta Shrew-mole and the American Shrew-mole are similar in size and appearance, with dark gray to black velvety and dense fur.

Identifying shrew-moles by fur color and texture can be challenging, especially because they are typically very small in size and spend most of their time underground. However, if you do spot a shrew-mole, it’s important to take note of its physical characteristics and behavior in order to properly identify it.

Mole-Like Rodents

Mole-like rodents are a group of small animals that may be mistaken for moles due to their similar appearances. These rodents have long snouts and bodies, and some have adapted to burrowing underground, just like moles.

Gophers: Gophers are small rodents that are commonly found in North America. They are burrowing animals that have long, sharp claws on their front paws that help them to dig through soil quickly. Gophers have brown fur that is soft to the touch, and their tails are hairless.

Voles: Voles are small rodents that resemble mice. They have a short, stubby tail, and their bodies are covered in soft brown or gray fur. Voles are also burrowing animals, but they are not as efficient at digging as moles or gophers. They are often found in meadows or grassy areas where they feed on grasses and other vegetation.

Pocket Gophers: Pocket gophers are a species of gopher that are found in North and Central America. They get their name from the fur-lined pockets that are located in their cheeks, which they use to carry food back to their burrows. Pocket gophers have fur that ranges in color from light brown to dark black, and their tails are sparsely haired.

Naked Mole Rats: Naked mole rats are small rodents that live in underground colonies in East Africa. They have pink, wrinkled skin and no fur, which makes them look quite different from moles. Naked mole rats are known for their unusual social behavior and for being capable of living much longer than other rodents of similar size.

Although these animals are often confused with moles, they have distinct characteristics and behaviors that set them apart. Understanding the differences between these animals can help you to identify moles more accurately.

Identifying Moles by Fur Color and Texture

When it comes to identifying moles, their fur color and texture can be a helpful indicator. The texture of their fur can vary from soft to coarse, while their color ranges from dark brown to light gray. However, with several species of moles and variation within each species, identifying them solely by fur can be complicated. Let’s dive into the basics of mole fur color and texture and then explore the key characteristics of specific mole species.

The Basics of Mole Fur Color and Texture

When identifying moles by their fur color and texture, it’s important to understand the basics. The color and texture of a mole’s fur can vary greatly depending on the species and individual. However, there are some general characteristics that can help you identify a mole based on its fur.

Fur Color
Moles can have fur that is black, brown, gray, or a combination of these colors. Some species have fur that is more uniform in color, while others may have a pattern or speckling. For example, the Townsend’s mole has dark brown fur with a grayish or silver sheen, while the broad-footed mole has fur that is dark brown or black with a reddish tint.

Fur Texture
The texture of a mole’s fur can also vary. It may be soft, dense, short, or long, depending on the species. For example, the Eastern mole has short, dense fur that is soft to the touch, while the Star-nosed mole has dense, velvety fur that is waterproof.

To help identify a mole by its fur, it’s helpful to observe these general characteristics and compare them to pictures or descriptions of the different mole species. Table 1 below summarizes the general fur color and texture characteristics of the eight mole species covered in this guide.

Mole Species Fur Color Fur Texture
Eastern Mole Uniformly dark brown to black Short and dense
Star-Nosed Mole Dark brown to black Dense and velvety, waterproof
Hairy-Tailed Mole Grayish-brown to dark brown Long and coarser than other moles
Coast Mole Uniformly dark brown to black Soft and dense
Broad-Footed Mole Dark brown to black with reddish tint Dense and short
Townsend’s Mole Dark brown with grayish or silver sheen Short and dense
Shrew-Moles Grayish-brown to reddish-brown Short and dense
Mole-Like Rodents May vary May vary

By understanding the general characteristics of a mole’s fur, you can begin to narrow down the possibilities when trying to identify a mole species. However, it’s important to keep in mind that there is variation within each species and that other identifying factors, such as the mole’s behavior and habitat, should also be considered.

Eastern Mole Fur Color and Texture

The Eastern Mole is a common species found in the eastern region of North America. Identifying this mole by its fur color and texture can be helpful in distinguishing it from other moles.

Fur Color: The fur of Eastern Moles is usually dark gray to black in color, although some individuals may have brown or reddish-brown fur. The underbelly is typically lighter in color, ranging from gray to tan.

Fur Texture: The fur of Eastern Moles is short, dense, and soft to the touch. It is highly adapted for burrowing, as it provides insulation and allows the mole to move easily through the soil.

To help with identification, here is a table summarizing the fur color and texture of the Eastern Mole:

Fur Color Fur Texture
Dark gray to black (some individuals may have brown or reddish-brown fur) Short, dense, and soft to the touch
Lighter color on the underbelly (ranging from gray to tan)

By using these characteristics, it is possible to identify the Eastern Mole and distinguish it from other mole species.

Star-Nosed Mole Fur Color and Texture

The Star-Nosed Mole is a unique creature with a distinct appearance, including its fur color and texture. Here are some key features to look for when identifying a Star-Nosed Mole:

  • Their fur is typically dark brown or black
  • Their fur is dense and velvety, providing excellent insulation in both air and water
  • They have 22 tentacle-like appendages around their nose, which are covered in tiny sensory receptors
  • These appendages are hairless and pink, providing a stark contrast to their dark fur
  • Their tail is about half the length of their body and is covered in short, fine hairs
  • They have broad, spade-like front paws that are ideal for burrowing in soil and squeezing through narrow tunnels

One key characteristic that sets the Star-Nosed Mole apart from other moles is its unique sensory appendages around its nose. These tentacle-like structures have been compared to a human’s fingertips in terms of sensitivity, and are used to detect prey even in complete darkness.

When identifying a Star-Nosed Mole, it’s important to look for its dark, velvety fur and distinctive pink sensory appendages. Additionally, its broad front paws and relatively short tail are good indicators of its species.

Hairy-Tailed Mole Fur Color and Texture

When identifying the Hairy-Tailed Mole, it is important to consider their fur color and texture. The Hairy-Tailed Mole has short, soft fur that ranges in color from dark brown to black. However, their belly fur can be a lighter shade of brown or even gray.

To better understand the fur color and texture of the Hairy-Tailed Mole, refer to the table below:

Fur Color Fur Texture
Dark brown to black Short and soft
Light brown to gray Short and soft

It is important to note that the Hairy-Tailed Mole’s fur is not as lustrous as some other species of moles, and can appear somewhat dull in comparison. Additionally, the texture of their fur may vary slightly depending on the location of the mole’s habitat. Despite these variations, the Hairy-Tailed Mole’s fur color and texture can be used as key factors in identifying this species.

Coast Mole Fur Color and Texture

The Coast Mole, also known as the Pacific mole, is a small, cylindrical mammal found in the western coastal regions of North America. This mole species has a unique set of fur colors and textures that make them stand out from other mole species. Here are some characteristics to look for when identifying the Coast Mole by their fur color and texture:

  • Color: The fur of a Coast Mole is generally dark brown or black, but some individuals may have a reddish or cinnamon color.
  • Texture: The fur of a Coast Mole is short and soft to the touch, with no visible underfur. The fur is very dense and waterproof, allowing them to swim in streams and waterways without getting wet.

The unique combination of dark fur and dense, waterproof texture makes the Coast Mole well-suited for its coastal habitat. They can burrow through wet soils easily without getting waterlogged, and their dark fur allows them to blend in well with their surroundings. Identifying the Coast Mole by fur color and texture can be a helpful tool for wildlife enthusiasts and researchers looking to learn more about this elusive species.

Broad-Footed Mole Fur Color and Texture

The Broad-Footed Mole’s fur color and texture enable easy identification. Their soft fur is usually dark brown to black, with small hairs that offer a velvety texture. Additionally, their underparts are lighter in color, often gray or white, which provides a strong contrast with the rest of their coat.

Their fur is not only soft but also dense, providing an insulation layer and allowing them to burrow through the cold ground with ease. The fur on their feet is thicker and tougher than the rest of their coat, providing extra protection while digging tunnels.

Broad-Footed Moles are unique in that they have extremely large feet, which help them in their underground travel. The fur on their feet is thick and rough, enabling a better grip on the dirt while they are digging.

One other characteristic feature of the Broad-Footed Mole’s fur is its glossiness. Their fur reflects light, making it appear shinier than other mole species.

The Broad-Footed Mole’s fur color, texture, and foot size make them easily identifiable compared to other species of moles.

Townsend’s Mole Fur Color and Texture

The Townsend’s Mole, also known as Scapanus townsendii, is a medium-sized mole native to the western part of North America. This species has a unique fur color and texture that distinguishes it from other types of moles.

The fur of the Townsend’s Mole is generally dark brown to black in color, with a silky texture. Their underbelly is usually a lighter shade of gray, with a velvety texture. The forehead area has gray fur while the snout has shorter hairs that are more white in color. The Townsend’s Mole has a sleek and shiny appearance due to its fur texture.

To further distinguish the Townsend’s Mole from other species, here is a table highlighting its fur color and texture:

Fur Color Fur Texture
Dark brown to black Silky
Lighter gray on underbelly Velvety
Gray on forehead
Short white hairs on snout

It’s important to note that moles can sometimes exhibit variations in fur color and texture due to geographic location or individual genetic factors. However, the Townsend’s Mole typically has the described characteristics mentioned above.

Shrew-Mole Fur Color and Texture

The Shrew-Mole is a unique species that resembles both shrews and moles in appearance and behavior. This small and elusive creature is commonly found in North America and is usually distinguishable by its characteristic fur color and texture.

Fur Color: The fur of the Shrew-Mole is typically dark, with shades of brown, black, and gray. These colors often blend together in a mottled pattern, which helps the animal blend into its surroundings.

Fur Texture: The Shrew-Mole has soft, fine fur that is dense and velvety to the touch. This helps keep the animal warm and protected from the cold, moist soil where it spends most of its time.

The fur color and texture of the Shrew-Mole make it well-adapted to its underground lifestyle. These features help it survive in its natural habitat, while also making it a unique and fascinating species to observe.

To summarize:

| Species | Shrew-Mole |
| Fur Color | Dark with shades of brown, black, and gray |
| Fur Texture | Soft, fine, dense, and velvety to the touch |


In conclusion, identifying moles by fur color and texture can be a challenging yet rewarding task. By understanding the basics of mole identification and becoming familiar with the different types of moles and their unique characteristics, one can develop the skills and knowledge needed to accurately identify these elusive creatures.

Remember that proper identification is essential not only for scientific research and conservation efforts, but also for preventing damage to your lawn or garden. If you suspect that you have a mole problem or simply want to learn more about these fascinating animals, use the information in this guide as a starting point.

Additionally, it’s important to note that while fur color and texture can be helpful in identifying moles, it’s not always a foolproof method. Consult with a wildlife expert or reference a field guide to ensure accurate identification.

Overall, the process of identifying moles by fur color and texture requires patience, attention to detail, and a willingness to expand your knowledge. With practice and dedication, anyone can become an expert in mole identification and contribute to the protection of these valuable and unique creatures.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do moles use their fur?

Moles use their fur for insulation, protection, and sensing vibrations in the soil as they burrow.

Can moles see well?

No, moles have poor eyesight and rely mainly on their sense of touch and smell.

Are all moles the same color?

No, moles can have different fur colors and textures depending on the species.

Do moles have a significant impact on gardening?

Yes, moles can cause damage to lawns and gardens by creating tunnels and mounds in the soil.

Can moles swim?

While moles are not adapted to swimming, they are capable of doing so if necessary.

Do moles hibernate?

No, moles do not hibernate and are active year-round.

Do moles live in groups?

No, moles are solitary animals and do not form groups or colonies.

What is the lifespan of a mole?

The lifespan of a mole varies by species, but most live for 2-4 years in the wild.

Do moles have any predators?

Yes, moles are preyed upon by owls, hawks, foxes, and snakes, among other animals.

Can moles be beneficial for soil health?

Yes, moles can help aerate the soil and improve nutrient circulation, but their impact on soil health depends on the context and the level of mole activity in the area.