Weather and Moles: What You Need to Know

Have you ever spotted those awkwardly raised ridges of soil in your yard or garden? Or have you noticed that your beautiful lawn has been taken over by unexplained mounds of dirt? If yes, then you might have a mole problem. Moles are tiny, burrowing creatures that are notorious for causing damage to lawns, gardens, and landscape. But have you ever wondered what factors influence their behavior and what you can do about it? In this article, we’ll explore the relationship between weather and mole behavior, and provide tips on how to control them. So, let’s dive in and uncover the mystery behind these pesky creatures!

Understanding Moles

Understanding Moles
It’s fascinating to observe moles in their natural habitat. They are peculiar creatures with a unique physiology and behavior that enables them to live underground most of their lives. Understanding moles is essential to control them effectively, and it begins with knowing what they are and why they behave the way they do. Some may mistake them for rodents, but the truth is moles are insectivores that play a vital role in maintaining a healthy ecosystem. In this article, we’ll cover everything you need to know about moles, from their digging behavior to their impact on the environment. So, let’s get started! To learn about mole’s navigation, click here.

What Are Moles?

Moles are interesting creatures that can be found in various habitats all over the world. They are small mammals that belong to the Talpidae family, which includes shrews and other mole-like animals. Moles are known for their cylindrical bodies, velvety fur, and small eyes and ears. However, what really sets them apart from other animals is their unique tendency to live underground.

Here is a table summarizing some interesting facts about moles:

Common name: Mole
Scientific name: Talpidae
Habitat: Grasslands, woodlands, and gardens
Diet: Insects, grubs, and earthworms
Behavior: Live underground, dig tunnels, and create molehills

Moles are sometimes considered pests due to their digging behavior, which can damage lawns and gardens. However, it is important to note that moles play an important role in the ecosystem by aerating the soil and controlling insect populations.

If you want to know more about moles’ digging behavior, read our article about moles digging behavior. If you are interested in the difference between moles and voles or how to prevent their damage, check out our article on moles vs voles difference prevention and mole behavior prevention. Additionally, there is a lot to learn about moles in the ecosystem, which you can dive into in our article about moles in the ecosystem myth vs fact. Finally, if you want to learn how moles’ diet can affect your garden, read our article on moles diet and how to prevent garden damage.

Why Do Moles Dig Tunnels?

Moles are known for their unique digging abilities, which allow them to create elaborate tunnel systems underground. But why do they invest so much energy in digging tunnels? Here are some possible reasons:

  • Hunting: Moles primarily dig tunnels in search of a variety of insects, which form an essential part of their diet. As they dig through the soil, they can move around effortlessly and catch insects that are crawling underground. They also use their strong sense of smell to locate their prey.
  • Shelter: Moles remain underground for most of their lives, except for when they venture out to mate. Their tunnel systems serve as their homes, offering protection from predators and the elements. They create separate rooms within the tunnels for nesting and sleeping purposes.
  • Movement: Moles are solitary animals and have a large territory they need to cover. The tunnel system they create allows them to travel across their territory swiftly and efficiently.
  • Mating: During the mating season, male moles create underground tunnels in search of female moles. They produce high-pitched squeaks that travel through the soil and allow them to find females even if they are far away.

Moles dig tunnels for a variety of reasons ranging from hunting to movement to mating. Their unique digging abilities have helped them survive and thrive in their natural habitats.

The Impact of Weather on Moles

The Impact Of Weather On Moles
As with many animals, the behavior of moles is influenced by a variety of factors, including the weather. Changes in temperature and precipitation can impact the activities of these subterranean creatures in different ways. In this section, we’ll delve into the connection between weather and moles and explore how various weather conditions can affect their behavior. From rainy weather to cold snaps, you might be surprised to learn how much of an impact the weather can have on these elusive animals.

Rainy Weather

During rainy weather, moles are more active and visible. This is because with the rainfall, their food source, which mainly consists of earthworms, comes closer to the surface. Consequently, moles dig more tunnels as they search for earthworms, creating more mounds and ridges in the process.

However, the soil can become so waterlogged that it is difficult for moles to dig. In such situations, moles may temporarily move to higher ground where the soil is drier, or they may even be forced to surface, making them vulnerable to predators.

Additionally, rainy weather can also affect the effectiveness of mole control methods. For example, mole repellents or home remedies may be washed away by the rain, reducing their efficacy. On the other hand, rainy weather can make the use of professional mole control methods more effective, particularly trapping, as moles are more active and visible.

To summarize, rainy weather can increase mole activity and visibility, but can also make it difficult for moles to dig. It can also have an impact on the effectiveness of mole control methods.

Drought Conditions

During drought conditions, the behavior of moles changes due to the lack of water in the soil. As moles prefer moisture-rich environments, they tend to dig deeper tunnels, where the soil is damper. This can result in an increased number of molehills in areas where the soil is normally dry.

Moles will also spend more time near the surface during drought conditions, as the soil at depth becomes too dry and hard to dig through. This can lead to an increase in visible mole activity, as they search for food and water closer to the surface.

Dry, compacted soil can make it difficult for moles to find earthworms and other small insects that they typically feed on. As a result, moles may venture into nearby gardens or lawns in search of food. This can cause damage to plants and create unsightly ridges in lawns.

To help control moles during drought conditions, it’s important to monitor areas where mole activity is typically high and look for signs of increased activity. Frequent watering can also help keep the soil moist and discourage moles from digging deeper tunnels.

Here is a table summarizing the impact of drought conditions on moles:

Drought Conditions Impact on Moles
Lack of water in soil Deeper tunnels, increased molehills, more visible activity
Dry, compacted soil Difficulty finding food, may venture into nearby gardens or lawns
Frequent watering Keeps soil moist and discourages moles from digging deeper tunnels

Drought conditions can have a significant impact on mole behavior, but there are steps that can be taken to help control their activity and minimize any damage to gardens or lawns.

Cold and Snowy Weather

Cold and snowy weather can also have an impact on the behavior of moles. During these conditions, moles will often dig deeper into the ground in search of food and shelter. However, when the ground is frozen, moles may not be able to dig and will be less active on the surface.

Weather Condition Impact on Moles
Cold and Snowy Deeper digging for food and shelter
Cold and Frozen Ground Less surface activity as moles cannot dig

This means that during the winter months, mole activity may decrease due to the frozen ground. However, as soon as the ground thaws, moles will become active again and can cause damage to your yard. It’s important to be aware of mole behavior during all types of weather conditions and take appropriate measures to control them.

How to Control Moles

If you’re struggling with a mole problem in your yard, don’t worry, you’re not alone. Moles can be quite destructive to our lawns and gardens, but there are ways to control their behavior. In this section, we’ll explore some methods for getting rid of moles, including mole repellents, home remedies, and professional mole control. We’ll discuss the advantages and drawbacks of each approach so you can make an informed decision about which strategy will work best for you.

Mole Repellents

Mole repellents are a popular choice for those looking to control the presence of moles in their yard. These products work by emitting odor or vibration that the moles find unpleasant, causing them to leave the area.

Sonic Repellents: These products emit a high-frequency sound that is irritating to moles, encouraging them to vacate the area. Sonic repellents can be either battery-operated or solar-powered and are easy to install in the ground. They are ideal for repelling moles from large areas of land.

Castor Oil-Based Repellents: Castor oil-based repellents are natural alternatives to chemical options. They work by coating the soil with a scent that moles don’t like. These repellents can be purchased as ready-to-use sprays or granules that are applied to the soil.

Mothballs: Some people believe that mothballs can act as an effective mole repellent. However, the chemicals found in mothballs are hazardous to both humans and animals. It is not recommended to use mothballs as a mole repellent.

Ultrasonic Repellents: Ultrasonic mole repellents work by emitting high-frequency sound waves that moles find disturbing. These repellents are easy to install, but their effectiveness can be limited by soil density.

It is important to note that while mole repellents can be effective in the short term, they may not provide a long-term solution. In some cases, professional mole control may be necessary to fully eliminate the presence of moles in a yard.

Home Remedies

One option to control moles is through home remedies, which are natural solutions that are safe and effective for both humans and animals. These remedies often involve using ingredients found in your pantry or garden.

Here are some popular home remedies for controlling moles:

Remedy Description
Castor Oil Castor oil is a natural repellent for moles. Mix 1/2 cup of castor oil with 1 gallon of water and spread it over your lawn with a sprayer or watering can.
Cayenne Pepper Moles dislike the smell and taste of cayenne pepper. Sprinkle it over affected areas, but be careful not to get it on your skin or in your eyes.
Garlic Garlic contains sulfur and other compounds that repel moles. Mix crushed garlic with water and spray it over your lawn.
Mothballs Mothballs contain naphthalene, which is a strong-smelling chemical that repels moles. Place the mothballs in the active mole tunnels.
Human Hair Moles dislike the smell of human hair. Place clumps of hair in the active mole tunnels to deter them from returning.

While these home remedies can be effective, they may require repeated applications and can take time to work. If you have a severe mole problem, or if these remedies do not work, it may be time to seek professional assistance.

Professional Mole Control

Professional mole control is often the best solution for long-term mole management. There are a variety of methods that professionals use to control moles, each with its own pros and cons.

One method is the use of traps. Trapping is typically the most effective way to remove moles from a property. Professionals use a variety of trap types, including scissor traps, harpoon traps, and choker loop traps. However, trapping can be time-consuming, requiring multiple visits to the property to ensure all moles are caught. Additionally, this method can be expensive, as it requires the purchase of traps and the time of a professional to set and monitor them.

Another method is the use of toxic baits. These baits contain poisonous chemicals that kill moles when ingested. While this method can be effective, there is a risk of unintentionally harming other animals, such as pets and wildlife. Additionally, it is important to properly dispose of dead moles, as these can attract scavengers and predators to the property.

Finally, professionals may use sonic or vibrating devices to deter moles from tunneling in the area. These devices emit vibrations or sounds that are uncomfortable for moles, making them less likely to tunnel in that area. However, the effectiveness of these devices varies and they can be expensive to purchase and install.

Ultimately, the best course of action for professional mole control will depend on the specifics of the property and the severity of the mole infestation. It is important to consult with a professional to determine the best course of action and to ensure that all control methods are performed safely and legally.


In conclusion, understanding the behavior of moles and the impact of weather on it is crucial for effective mole control. It’s important to remember that moles are not harmful to humans, plants, or pets. They are simply trying to survive and thrive in their natural habitat. However, their tunneling can cause damage to lawns, gardens, and crops.

There are several ways to control mole activity. Mole repellents, such as castor oil-based products, can be an effective way to discourage moles from tunneling in a specific area. Home remedies, like planting certain plants or using vibrating stakes, can also help deter moles.

For more severe infestations, professional mole control services may be necessary. It’s important to choose a provider that uses humane and environmentally friendly methods.

Ultimately, understanding how weather conditions impact mole behavior can help with prevention and control efforts. By taking a proactive approach, it’s possible to coexist peacefully with these fascinating creatures while minimizing damage to property.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can moles damage my garden?

Yes, moles can damage lawns, gardens, and golf courses with their tunneling activities.

How do moles affect the environment?

Moles aerate soil, help control insect populations, and contribute to soil fertility but their tunneling can also cause soil erosion and damage the roots of plants.

What is the best way to repel moles?

Moles can be repelled using products that emit strong smells like castor oil or plants like daffodils and marigolds which are unappealing to moles.

Can moles carry diseases?

No, moles are not known to carry diseases that can be transmitted to humans or other animals.

What is the lifespan of a mole?

On average, moles live for 2-3 years in the wild.

What is the difference between a mole and a vole?

Moles are insectivores that eat insects while voles are herbivores that eat plant roots and shoots.

How deep can moles dig?

Moles can dig tunnels up to 20 inches deep.

Do moles hibernate?

No, moles do not hibernate but they may become less active in the winter and remain closer to the surface to search for food.

Do ultrasonic repellents work on moles?

Ultrasonic repellents have not proven to be effective in repelling moles.

What is the most effective way to get rid of moles?

Professional mole control is usually the most effective method, but there are also various DIY methods like natural repellents and home remedies that can be tried.